Criteria for Defining Sponsored Projects Versus Gifts
Faculty receive extramural support for their research, training and public service projects through two principal mechanisms: sponsored projects and gifts. Extramural sponsors and donors provide these funds to the University, relying on the expertise of University personnel to properly classify them. Proper classification ensures good stewardship and maximizes the benefits that can accrue to both sponsor/donor and the University. The following guidelines should be followed in categorizing gifts and sponsored project funds.
Sponsored Project Criteria
A sponsored project may be thought of as a transaction in which there is a specified statement of work with a related, reciprocal transfer of something of value. A sponsored project may support University activities including but not limited to research, training, instruction, public service and construction. Any funding provided by U.S. government agencies, at the federal, state, or local level is treated as sponsored project funding. Funding from voluntary health organizations or associations, such as the American Heart Association or the American Cancer Society, is usually treated as a sponsored project.
In remaining cases, for example where funding is being provided by corporations, foundations or others not specified above, the distinction between gifts and sponsored projects will be made based on the proposal, statement of work, and terms of the agreement, taking into consideration the intent of the donor/sponsor. If the "intent" does not correspond with criteria for classification as a gift or grant, the terms of the agreement will have to be adjusted in order to avoid unintended classification.
Sponsored project proposals should be submitted to external sponsors via the Office of Sponsored Research (OSR), which serves as the authorized signatory authority for the University. Projects will be considered sponsored projects if any of the following criteria are met, regardless of whether the proposal was submitted through OSR:
- A formal or informal proposal has been submitted to a sponsor binding the University to a specific line of scholarly or scientific inquiry (e.g., a project).
- A formal or informal proposal has been submitted to a sponsor that carries institutional endorsement for one of the following purposes:
- to assure the sponsor that the University will adhere to requirements or guidelines promulgated by the sponsor,
- to offer or guarantee adherence to University obligations associated with the proposed activity, e.g., a budget, specific period of performance, cost-sharing or matching requirements, specific commitments of personnel effort, agreement to terms under which funding will be accepted, etc.
- The award document specifies an end date for the use of the funds or the terms under which an award may be terminated in advance of all funds being expended.
- The award document specifies deliverables such as technical, financial, invention, or procurement reports, milestones, or timetables.
- The award document specifies fiduciary responsibilities such as:
- adherence to a line item budget,
- delineation of costs into direct costs and F&A costs,
- audit of the project by the sponsor or a third party,
- payment contingent upon satisfactory programmatic progress, and
- return of unexpended funds at the conclusion of the project or guidelines regarding the transfer of funds from one period of time to another.
- The award specifies other terms and conditions or property requirements. Included in this category are requirements imposed by the sponsor for the disposition of tangible and intangible property that results from the project, including equipment, records, technical reports, theses and dissertations, data, copyrights, and/or inventions.
Sponsored projects are subject to facilities and administrative costs (F&A) at the University's published rate applicable to the type of project being conducted. If the sponsor has a written policy, uniformly applied, prohibiting or restricting the payment of F&A to a lower rate, the University may permit the funds to be accepted in accordance with the sponsor's policy. This exception does not apply to for-profit sponsors, who are expected to provide full F&A when funding sponsored projects. The Office of the Vice President for Research is the final authority responsible for determining the acceptance of the F&A rate in all cases.
A gift is defined as any item of value given to the University by a donor who expects nothing significant of value in return, other than recognition and disposition of the gift in accordance with the donor's wishes. In general, the following characteristics describe a gift:
- No contractual requirements are imposed and there are no "deliverables" to the donor. However, the gift may be accompanied by a letter of understanding that outlines its intended use. For example, gifts may be provided to support a department, an individual faculty member's laboratory, or a construction project.
- If used for the intended purpose, a gift is irrevocable. While the gift may be intended for use within a certain timeframe, there is no specified "period of performance" or "start/stop" date.
- There is no formal fiscal accountability to the donor beyond periodic progress reports and summary reports of expenditures. These reports may be thought of as requirements of good stewardship, and, as such, may be required by the terms of a gift. They are not characterized as contractual obligations or "deliverables."