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Arthur S. Schneider, MD

Professor Emeritus

Dr. Arthur Schneider received his medical degree from Chicago Medical School in 1955. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Dr. Schneider is certified by the American Board of Pathology in Anatomic Pathology, Clinical Pathology, and Hematology. He is also certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Dr. Schneider is licensed to practice medicine in California, Colorado, and Illinois.

PRINCIPAL AREAS OF PROFESSIONAL AND RESEARCH EMPHASIS:

Recent work has been directed at the molecular genetics of triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency, a hereditary hemolytic anemia associated with progressive neuromuscular dysfunction. To explain the repetitive occurrence of the 104 mutation in the TPI gene in multiple apparently unrelated families throughout the world, DNA was obtained from all known families with this mutation in order to study the coinheritance of linked polymorphisms. This work has revealed an unusual haplotype, manifest in common in all of the families who carry the 104 mutation, indicating their descent from a common ancestor. Additional recent areas of inquiry include structural analysis of the TPI protein to elucidate the differing mechanisms by which the thirteen known mutations cause impaired enzyme activity and investigations into the nature of the high incidence variants involving the TPI promoter. This set of polymorphisms, which may perhaps be the highest incidence molecular markers of African lineage,are associated with moderate reduction in enzyme activity and in some instances may contribute to compound heterozygosity and clinical TPI deficiency. The finding of subjects homozygous for the -5 -8 haplotype is inconsistent with the putative role (suggested by others) of this haplotype as the cause of a null variant incompatible with life in homozygotes. 

Selected Publications:

Schneider, A.S., Valentine, W.N., Hattori, M. and Heins, H.L. Jr. A new erythrocyte enzyme defect with hemolytic anemia-triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) disease. Blood 1964; 24: 855-856. 

Schneider, A.S., Valentine, W.N., Hattori, M. and Heins, H.L. Jr. Hereditary hemolytic anemia with triosephosphate isomerase de®ciency. New England Journal of Medicine 1965; 272: 229-235. 

Shore, N.A., Schneider, A.S. and Valentine, W.N. Erythrocyte triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. Journal of Pediatrics 1965; 67: 939. 

Valentine, W.N., Schneider, A.S., Baughan, M.A. et al. Hereditary hemolytic anemia with triosephosphate isomerase deficiency: studies in kindreds with coexistent sickle cell trait and erythrocyte glucose-6- phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. American Journal of Medicine 1966; 41: 27-41. 

Schneider, A.S., Dunn, I., Ibsen, K.H. and Weinstein, I.M. The pattern of glycolysis in erythrocyte triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. Clinical Research 1965; 13: 282. 

Schneider, A.S., Dunn, I., Ibsen, K.H. and Weinstein, I.M. Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. B. Inherited triosephosphate isomerase de®ciency. Erythrocyte carbohydrate metabolism and preliminary studies of the erythrocyte enzyme. In Beutler E (ed.) Hereditary Disorders of Erythrocyte Metabolism. City of Hope Symposium Series, Volume 1, pp 273-279. New York: London: Grune & Stratton, 1968. 

Dunn, I., Schneider, A.S., Ibsen, K.H. and Weinstein, I.M. Isoenzymes of triosephosphate isomerase in human erythrocytes. Clinical Research 1967; 15: 104. 

Schneider, A.S. Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. In Yunis J (ed.) Biochemical Methods in Red Cell Genetics, pp 189-200. New York: Academic Press, 1969. 

Schneider, A.S., Valentine, W.N., Baughan, M.A. et al. Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. A. A multi- system inherited enzyme disorder. Clinical and genetic aspects. In Beutler E (ed.) Hereditary Disorders of Erythrocyte Metabolism,. City of Hope Symposium Series, Volume 1, pp 265-272. New York: London: Grune & Stratton, 1968. 

Schneider, A.S., Westwood, B., Yim, C., Prchal, J., Berkow, R., Labotka, R., Warrier, R., and Beutler, E.: Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency: Repetitive occurrence of point mutation in amino acid 104 in multiple apparently unrelated families. Am. J. Hematol. 50:263-268, 1995 

Schneider, A.S., and Cohen-Solal, M.: Hematologically important mutations: Triosephosphate isomerase. Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 22:82-84, 1996

Schneider, A.S., Westwood, B., Yim, C., Cohen-Solal, M., Rosa, R., Labotka, R., Eber, S., Wolf, R., Lammi, A., and Beutler, E.: The 1591C mutation in triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency. Tightly linked polymorphisms and a common haplotype in all known families. Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 22:115-125, 1996

Halfman, C., Schneider, A., and Cohen-Solal, M.: Insights from molecular modeling into the mechanisms of impaired catalysis in triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency. Blood 88 (Suppl. 1): 305a, 1996. (Abstract)

Halfman, C. and Schneider, A.: Hereditary hemolytic anemia with triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency: Assignment of the known mutation sites to functional molecular domains of the enzyme protein. FASEB J. 11:a532, 1997. (Abstract)

Schneider, A., Forman, L., Westwood, B., Yim, C., Lin, J., Singh, S., and Beutler, E.: The relationship of the -5, -8, and -24 variant alleles in African Americans to triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) enzyme activity and to TPI deficiency. Blood 92:2959-2962, 1998.

Schneider, A.S.: Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency: Historical perspectives and molecular aspects. Baillieres Best Pract Res Clin Haematol13:119-140, 2000.

Valentin, C.; Pissard, S.; Martin, J.; Hron, D.; Labrune, P.; Livet, M.; Mayer, M.; Gelbart, T.; Schneider, A.; Max-Audit, I.; Cohen-Solal, M.: Triose phosphate isomerase deficiency in 3 French families: Two novel null alleles: a frameshift mutation (TPI Alfortville) and an alteration in the initiation codon (TPI Paris). Blood 96: 1130-1135, 2000.

Schneider, A.S., and Szanto, P.A.: Pathology, 1st. ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Board Review Series, December 1993. 

Schneider, A.S., and Szanto, P.A.: Pathology, 2nd. ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Board Review Series, December 2001. 

Schneider, A.S., Szanto, P.A., Kim, S.I., and Swanson, T.A.: Pathology, 3rd. ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Board Review Series, December 2005.

Schneider, A.S., Szanto, P.A., Kim, S.I., and Swanson, T.A.: Pathology, 4th. ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Board Review Series, December 2009.

Scientific and Professional Societies:

  • Academy of Clinical Laboratory Physicians and Scientists
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Association of Blood Banks
  • American Association of University Professors
  • American College of Physicians
  • American Federation for Clinical Research
  • American Society of Clinical Pathologists
  • American Society of Hematology
  • American Society of Investigative Pathology
  • Association for Molecular Pathology
  • Association of Pathology Chairs
  • College of American Pathologists
  • International Academy of Pathology
  • Society for Hematopathology
  • Chicago Pathological Society
  • Illinois Society of Pathologists
  • Institute of Medicine of Chicago 

Honorary Societies:

  • Alpha Omega Alpha
  • Sigma Xi 

Honors:

  • Golden Apple Award for Excellence in Teaching, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005
  • Basic Science Professor of the Year, 2005