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Mindfulness-Based Training: A Pilot Study on Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists (SRNAs)

Rachelle Hernandez, RN, DNP, CRNA

DNP Nurse Anesthesia

Mindfulness-Based Training: A Pilot Study on Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists (SRNAs)

Project Category:  Original Research 

Project Team: Rachelle Hernandez, DNP, CRNA Marble Simbi - Mujeye, DNP, CRNA

Sandra Larson, CRNA, PhD and Christopher Reddin, PhD, PMHNP-BC(Advisor)


Background: Student registered nurse anesthetists (SRNAs) are exposed to various stressors in their nurse anesthesia program. It is essential that SRNAs develop mindfulness skills to facilitate their professional growth. The objectives of this pilot study were to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-based training on mindfulness and well-being in Rosalind Franklin University (RFU) SRNAs, and to understand the facilitators and barriers to engagement with mindfulness training.

Methods: Consented SRNAs (n=12) from the class of 2023 participated in a 16-week mindfulness training program consisting of eight online-based sessions, self-administered biweekly. Data was collected from session surveys, and group interviews conducted at week 16 and 28. Two quantitative measurement tools were administered pre- and post-intervention, and at the three-month follow up.

Results: SRNAs who participated in mindfulness sessions found the experience to be beneficial during their training. Thematic analysis showed two main themes – perceived benefits and perceived barriers. Perceived benefits included increased awareness, positive feelings and experience, improvements in concentration and motivation, prioritization of self-care, and increased coping during stressful clinical situations. The analysis also showed a lack of time as the prevalent perceived barrier to participation and engagement. Quantitative results showed improved median scores of emotional exhaustion (pre = 28, post = 27), depersonalization (pre = 13.5, post = 5.5), and personal accomplishment (pre = 29.5, post = 42.5), and improved median scores of description (pre = 21.5, post = 26.5), observation (pre = 25, post = 28.5), and non-judging of inner experience (pre = 20, post = 24).

Conclusion: There is an increased need for prioritization of mental health among SRNAs. Incorporating mindfulness training in a wellness curriculum has potential to impact their mindfulness and well-being. Additional work needs to be done on the timing of the training to improve participation and engagement.

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